- Advertisement -
Home Daily Dose of History DAILY DOSE OF HISTORY: Paul Laurence Dunbar - Writer

DAILY DOSE OF HISTORY: Paul Laurence Dunbar – Writer

- Advertisement -

Ohio

Paul Laurence Dunbar was born June 27, 1872, in Dayton, Ohio to former slaves. Following their emancipation, his mother, Matilda, moved to Dayton. His father, Joshua, escaped bondage prior to the war and joined the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment and the 5th Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment. Both regiments were the first Black units to serve in the war.

Poet

By the age of six, Dunbar had written his first poem. By the age of nine, he gave his first public recital where he read selections of his poetry. His parents had a rough relationship. After they had their second child, Dunbar’s sister, they separated. His father died shortly thereafter in 1885. Dunbar was 12 years old.

Education

Dunbar’s mother learned to read in order to assist him with his education. Her determination helped immensely. He became president of the school’s literary society and the editor of the school newspaper. And although he was the only Black student at Central High School, he was well-liked.

Writing

At the age of 16, Dunbar published his poems in The Herald newspaper. By 1890, he founded The Tattler, Dayton’s first weekly Black newspaper. He served as a writer and editor. The paper only lasted six weeks.
Paul Laurence Dunbar, Black author, Black poet, Black writer, Black History, Black History 365, DDH: Daily Dose of History

Oak and Ivy

After completing high school in 1891, Dunbar began working as an elevator operator. He had plans to study law but was unable to fund his education. He compiled a manuscript of poems written in standard English and dialect titled Oak and Ivy. It was published by the United Brethren Publishing House in 1893.
Poet James Whitcomb Riley took notice of Dunbar. Soon thereafter, attorney Charles A. Thatcher and psychiatrist Henry A. Tobey took an interest in him. Thatcher funded his writing endeavors while Tobey assisted with the distribution of his book. With their support, Dunbar was able to write his second collection of poetry, Majors and Minors.

Lyrics of Lowly Life

Despite having the support of Thatcher and Tobey, Dunbar struggled to support himself and his mother. He found himself in debt by the mid-1890s. In 1896, William Dean Howells published a review of Majors and Minors. The review brought Dunbar national attention and enabled him to compile his first two books into one, titled Lyrics of Lowly Life.

Later Years

In his later years, Dunbar continued writing poetry, as well as short stories, novels, and a play. Although his collections of poetry and short stories received favorable reviews, his novels did not. He was the first Black author to write about White society but critics were not sold on his novels.

Death

In the late 1890s, Dunbar took a job with the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. and got married. In 1900, he was diagnosed with tuberculosis and moved to Colorado with his wife. After he and his wife separated, he developed a dependency on alcohol. He moved back to Ohio to live with his mother. Paul Laurence Dunbar died on February 9, 1906. He was 33 years old.
Paul Laurence Dunbar, Black author, Black poet, Black writer, Black History, Black History 365, DDH: Daily Dose of History
**The views and actions of the DDH historical figures that are featured may not reflect the views and beliefs of Ramiro The Writer. Thank you.**
]]>

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

Stay Connected

348,245FansLike
0FollowersFollow
220,589FollowersFollow
0FollowersFollow
6SubscribersSubscribe

Must Read

Soothe Your Chronic Pain with ALittlePeace, a Restorative Healing Company

Alittlepeace products is a holistic brand aimed at providing the best products for your health journey, from eczema cream to herbal teas
- Advertisement -

Take Control of Your Feminine Health with Goddess Body

Goddess Body helps women achieve overall wellness through supplements, detoxes, feminine hygiene, and health consultations

Your Furry Loved Ones Deserve the Best: Zach’s Quality Dog Food

Zach’s Quality Dog Food is a company providing high-quality and affordable dog food made with simple ingredients.

Dreaming of Financial Independence? The Common Cents Couple Can Help!

We all know how important credit is to get a house, car, or a loan – but did you know good credit could also...

Related News

Soothe Your Chronic Pain with ALittlePeace, a Restorative Healing Company

Alittlepeace products is a holistic brand aimed at providing the best products for your health journey, from eczema cream to herbal teas

Take Control of Your Feminine Health with Goddess Body

Goddess Body helps women achieve overall wellness through supplements, detoxes, feminine hygiene, and health consultations

Your Furry Loved Ones Deserve the Best: Zach’s Quality Dog Food

Zach’s Quality Dog Food is a company providing high-quality and affordable dog food made with simple ingredients.

Dreaming of Financial Independence? The Common Cents Couple Can Help!

We all know how important credit is to get a house, car, or a loan – but did you know good credit could also...

You’ll Want to Attend This Retail Webinar by Banana Wave Co-Founder

The Retail Business Activator webinar by High Ticket Freedom is a crash course on how to take your ideas and goods and turn them into actual products that can be sold in the market.
- Advertisement -

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here