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Home Daily Dose of History DAILY DOSE OF HISTORY: Ernest Everett Just - Scientist

DAILY DOSE OF HISTORY: Ernest Everett Just – Scientist

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Ernest Everett Just, Black scientist, Black doctor, Black History, Black History 365, DDH: Daily Dose of History

South Carolina

Ernest Everett Just was born on August 14, 1883, in Charleston, South Carolina. His father Charles Frazier and mother Mary Matthews Just realized that young Ernest was an intelligent student, so they enrolled him into the Kimball Hall Academy in New Hampshire. Once he graduated, he enrolled in courses at Dartmouth College.

Biology

After reading a paper on fertilization and egg development in college, Just found an interest in biology. During his freshman year of college, he earned the highest grades in Greek which earned him the Rufus Choate scholarship. He then graduated magna cum laude in 1907–the only student in his class to do so–and received honors in botany, sociology, and history.

Howard

Following his graduation, Just began teaching and conducting research at Howard University. Two years later, in 1909, he worked at Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory in Massachusetts, conducting more research. He then attended the University of Chicago where he studied experimental embryology, earning his Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Ernest Everett Just, Black scientist, Black doctor, Black History, Black History 365, DDH: Daily Dose of History

Career

Just soon became a pioneer in the field of physiology of development. He focused on fertilization, experimental parthenogenesis, hydration, dehydration, and cell division. He also studied the effects of ultraviolet carcinogenic radiation on living cells.
Just later served as an editor for three scholarly periodicals. In 1915, he won the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People’s (NAACP) first Spingarn Medal for outstanding achievement by a Black American. He was then awarded the Julius Rosenwald Fellow in Biology of the National Research Council from 1920-1931.
Just’s fellowship afforded him the opportunity to work in Europe. Where racial discrimination prevented Just from advancing in the U.S., he was not hindered in Europe. He wrote several research papers on biology, including ‘General Cytology’ in 1924 alongside respected scientists from various universities.

Later Years

In 1940, Just was imprisoned in a German Nazi camp. His second father-in-law (a German man) was able to have him released. He and his second wife soon fled France and ultimately settled in the U.S. Ernest Everett Just later developed pancreatic cancer and died on October 27, 1941, in Washington D.C. He was 58 years old.
Ernest Everett Just, Black scientist, Black doctor, Black History, Black History 365, DDH: Daily Dose of History
**The views and actions of the DDH historical figures that are featured may not reflect the views and beliefs of Ramiro The Writer or We Buy Black. Thank you.**
Thank you all for reading my article. I’m a part of the largest online marketplace for Black-owned businesses called We Buy Black. Similar to Etsy or Amazon, this website allows for Black-owned businesses to create a shop and sell their amazing products to the world! If you have a product, you should definitely join this platform! We Buy Black also has it’s Inaugural We Buy Black Convention happening this November 16th-17th in Atlanta, GA and I hope to see you all there. In fact, I along with hundreds of others will be wearing our official We Buy Black T-shirt, so here’s my gift to you: Get 50% off the official WBB T-shirt using my code WBB2018. Peace, family!]]>

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